How to Build a House Boat

by Will Charpentier
As simple as a house on a boat

As simple as a house on a boat

A home away from home, floating on a lake or tied to a tree along a riverbank, is an achievable goal for the do-it-yourself person with carpentry skills and the necessary tools; after all, houseboat is just a small house constructed on top of a rather flat boat. A houseboat may have all the interior appointments of a mansion or may be as minimalist as a garden shed. The only limits to building a houseboat are the builder's imagination and pocketbook.

Generalized Hull Structure for a Houseboat

1. Build the hull by constructing a frame, then covering the entire frame with marine plywood, cut to shape and size as needed. The plywood should be fastened by screws to every frame with which it comes into contact, and all seams should be completely sealed by a liberal application of a waterproof caulk to form a completely waterproof box.

Generalized superstructure for a houseboat

2. Construct the superstructure (everything that is not the hull) by first building a frame on top of the hull, then putting marine plywood over the frame as necessary to form a cabin. The superstructure may also include fittings for a canopy to form a front porch or front and back porches. As in residential construction, the framing of the walls may include openings for windows and doors. At the stern of the houseboat, build a low wall with stud framing sandwiched between two pieces of marine plywood, to form the reinforced transom where a small outboard motor may be mounted.

Generalized roofing structures for a houseboat

3. Construct a roof on top of the superstructure. Choices include a peaked roof, a flat roof or a shed roof, like the roof of a lean-to. Build the roof rafters as if building a roof for a residence.

Bicolored combination bow light

4. Install the required navigational lights, based on the length of the boat.

Certain things are required by federal and state regulations.

5. Install the necessary deck hardware (cleats and fairleads, fire extinguishers and personal flotation devices as required by law) to tie the boat off to a dock or the shoreline. Install interior walls and appointments as desired.

Items you will need

  • Carpentry tools, both hand tools and bench tools
  • Waterproof caulking
  • Marine plywood in sufficient quantity for the project
  • 2-by-4 (stud) lumber for framing
  • Wood screws

Warning

  • All illustrations are for informational and illustrative purposes only and are not intended to provide a comprehensive design or advice on any element of naval architecture. Anyone can build a boat any way he wishes; however, as soon as the boat goes in the water, parts of its design and equipment are regulated in many ways by state and federal governments. Comprehensive plans complying with regulatory requirements are available from many naval architects.

About the Author

Will Charpentier is a writer who specializes in boating and maritime subjects. A retired ship captain, Charpentier holds a doctorate in applied ocean science and engineering. He is also a certified marine technician and the author of a popular text on writing local history.

Photo Credits

  • Illustrations by the author