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For anglers who do not own a boat, fishing from the shore is a good option for catching fish. When there is vegetation or woody cover near the shore, or a drop-off or other structure just out from the shore, land-based anglers can catch just as many fish as those in boats. This is especially true if they use live baits such as leeches, minnows or night crawlers. Two of the best rigs for fishing with live bait from shore are bobbers and plain hooks, or lead-head jigs.
Items you will need
Fishing rod and reel
Spool a 6-foot fishing rod and reel with 6- to 8-pound fishing line.
Tie a 1/4-ounce lead-head jig to the fishing line with a Palomar knot.
Hook a piece of live bait on the jig. Hook a minnow through its lips, a leech just below its sucker or a night crawler multiple times through its body.
Cast the jig into the water and let it fall to the bottom. Experiment with the way you retrieve the bait. On some days, bumping the jig along the bottom works best. Other days, it is best to retrieve the jig and bait slowly above the bottom.
Set the hook anytime you feel extra weight on the line. To set the hook, swing the rod upward with a firm, steady motion.
Slide a bobber stop onto the fishing line. A bobber stop is a piece of string that tightens around the line and prevents the bobber from sliding up the line. Slide a bead onto the line.
Attach a size-4 or -6 hook to the end of the fishing line. Use a size-4 hook for fishing minnows or night crawlers, a size-6 hook for fishing with leeches.
Push the bobber stop up the fishing line. The distance between the bobber stop and the hook is the distance below the surface the hook and bait will hang.
Cast the bobber rig into the water. Wait for the bobber to shoot below the surface of the water, which indicates a fishing is pulling on the hook.
Set the hook by swinging the fishing rod upward with a firm, steady motion.
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