Endangered Plants & Animals of the African Savanna

Endangered Plants & Animals of the African Savanna

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The African savanna consists of a dry and tropical grassland containing a diverse range of species from the gazelle to the cheetah. Due to the unfortunate problem of poaching in Africa, many animal species, including elephants, are endangered. It is illegal to kill an elephant in Africa, but it continues to happen. Awareness regarding endangered animals, as well as endangered plants, is important and necessary in order to conserve their lives before they become extinct.


Although it is illegal to slaughter an elephant in Africa, it still happens for two reasons. First, some poachers hunt elephants for their ivory tusks. Ivory is very valuable in the Chinese market. Second, some farmers kill elephants that ruin or eat their crops, as elephants are massive herbivores. Scientists are currently working on alternatives to end this problem by developing a type of pepper-spray bomb that temporarily stings the eyes of the elephant and encourages it to go away.


This beautiful animal is hunted for its fur. In addition to poaching, humans have destroyed the habitats of the leopard by tearing down trees and building where leopard would normally live. This in turn forces them out of their natural habitat and makes them even more vulnerable to poachers. According to Animal Port, 58 nations have come forward stating their concern for the leopard.

White Lion

The white lion is currently considered a critically endangered species. They are hunted for their beautiful fur that is so white it can be mistaken for being albino, though it is not. With their white color, their ability to camouflage themselves is not especially good, making them more vulnerable to poachers. However, they are considered an incredibly elusive animal. As of 2011, the last sighting of a white lion was in 1994.


Giraffes are sought after by hunters for their hide as well as their meat. Giraffes can live to the age of 20 to 30 years old and they can run as fast as 55 miles per hour.

Baobab Tree

Some Baobab trees still living today in Africa are at least 1,000 years old. The Baobab can be found in Darfur, Sudan, Kordofan and along the Blue Nile. Once a common and thriving tree, the Baobab has suffered because of droughts in these areas. The Baobab holds a lot of significance because of its many uses. Perhaps one of the most important uses is that water extracted from the tree's fruit can be used in the treatment of dysentery. The Baobab's bark can be used to heal fevers and is believed to have anti-inflammatory properties.