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Saltwater fishing requires specialized equipment to withstand the corrosive conditions of the saltwater and to be appropriate for landing a wide range of fish. There are several different types of fishing lines for saltwater. The best fishing lines combine sensitivity for feeling the bite of a fish, strength to resist breaks under tension and stiffness to maintain drag during retrievals.
Monofilament is a popular choice for saltwater anglers because of its versatility and low price. According to Bass Pro Shops, monofilament lines account for two-thirds of all fishing lines sold, as of 2010. Manufacturers of monofilament line form nylon together to make one single sheath. This design offers strength and resistance while providing sensitivity and stretch. Monofilament is available in a variety of strengths and colors so you can match the fishing line to the fishing conditions and size of fish. Monofilament retains water, so you should replace it at least once a year because the line can form to the reel and become brittle.
Braided fishing lines were introduced in the early 1990s and quickly gained popularity. Bass Pro Shops says that braided fishing line can be more than 10 times stronger than steel, making it an excellent choice for saltwater anglers in search of big sport fish. The line is made by weaving synthetic fibers to make a line that is ultrathin and sensitive. Some anglers may experience difficulty tying knots, but that is outweighed by the strength and sensitivity of the line. Braided line can be an expensive initial investment, but the line will last several fishing trips before you need to replace it.
According to Dick’s Sporting Goods, fluorocarbon is one of the best all-around saltwater fishing lines. It combines strength, durability, stiffness and invisibility into one fishing line. The line contains fluoride polymers bonded to carbon, and it is nearly invisible in the water, resulting in fewer spooked fish. It’s durable and can withstand the saltwater because it doesn’t absorb water and isn’t affected by ultraviolet rays. The sensitivity is increased by the stiffness and low stretch, allowing you to cast into deeper water.
Fishing experts choose fusion lines for the ability to set the hook on big saltwater fish. The fusion lines are made from a fusion process that results in micro-fiber nylon being fused together. The process results in high sensitivity, strength and low diameter. Fusion lines have enough stiffness to provide easy casting and durability.
Based in Nebraska, Jeremy Hoefs began writing fitness, nutrition, outdoor and hunting articles in 2006. His articles have been published in "Star City Sports," "Hunting Fitness Magazine" and RutWear field journals, as well as on the Western Whitetail website. Hoefs graduated with a Bachelor of Science in exercise science from Nebraska Wesleyan University.