How to Call Coyotes

by Zach Lazzari
Coyotes have an advanced sense of smell and hearing.

Coyotes have an advanced sense of smell and hearing.

Coyotes are intelligent predators that approach calls with caution. Calling coyotes is done with manual and electronic calls that imitate wounded prey and other coyotes. The curious and opportunistic nature of the coyote makes them susceptible to calls but their intelligence yields to a cautious approach. Calling requires skill and the ability to shield the animal from human scents and clues that give away your presence.

Electronic Calls

Electronic calls are very effective because the sounds are realistic and consistent. The calls remove the potential for human error and require little effort to use. The calls use a speaker and control to project coyote sounds and prey sounds. Always begin calling on a low volume setting to attract the closest coyotes first. Gradually increase the volume to increase your range. Start with female and pup howls to imitate a non-threatening presence. Wait between calls for a response from other coyotes. This will help you locate and pinpoint the direction of interested dogs. Follow the female and pup calls with a male challenger sequence to draw competitive animals. Lastly, work the wounded prey calls to bring in the hungry coyotes.

Imitating Other Coyotes

Coyotes are social and territorial animals. Using electronic and manual calls to imitate other coyotes is an effective means of attracting the animals. Mouth calls require practice to master but they are often more effective than electronic calls. Mouth calls are also entertaining as you create a conversation with coyotes in the area. Expert callers will talk and communicate with the coyotes, holding a full conversation regarding food and territory. Listen to recordings of different coyote calls and practice at home before entering the field. Numerous coyote calling videos and recordings are available through sporting goods stores. Place your lips over the mouthpiece on a reed style howler. Hold your lips tight and blow into the howler in sequences to imitate the different coyote calls. Start with long, loud howl and pause for a response. Also, scan the area with binoculars because some coyotes will come to the call without responding. Move on to imitate females and use a short reed howler to imitate pups.

Imitating Prey

Prey calls really play on the coyotes need to hunt and fulfill calorie requirements. Imitating a wounded or distresses rabbit or a deer fawn will gain the attention of animals within earshot. Prey calls are available as basic mouthpieces with internal reed systems. Simply blow into the call to produce a squealing sound. Cup the end of the call with your hands and use combinations of hard and soft blowing to create the sound of panic. Wait for several minutes between calls to spot coyotes.

Positioning and Decoys

Coyotes within range of your calls are likely to respond but they are cautious. Positioning yourself in a manner that prevents the coyotes from spotting you is critical. Any sign of danger and the coyotes will flee the area. Wear camouflage and use natural cover to shield your presence. Bushes and groups of trees work well as cover. Use elevated hills that provide a big viewing area. This allows you to see the coyotes coming from a distance. Set a coyote decoy 30-yards from your position to create a distraction and pull attention away from you position.

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